Latest Research, Industry, Medical and Scientific News
Recurring Clostridium difficile intestinal infections are rising sharply in the United States, researchers warn. These infections sicken about 500,000 people a year, cause tens of thousands of deaths, and cost the U.S. health care system about $5 billion, according to investigators at the University of Pennsylvania. C. difficile causes diarrhea, severe gut inflammation and can lead to deadly blood infections, especially in the elderly. A review of nationwide health insurance data found a nearly 200 percent increase in the annual incidence of multiple recurring C. difficile infections between 2001 and 2012. For ordinary C. difficile, incidence rose by about 40 percent. Patients with multiple recurring C. difficile infections tended to be older (average age 56 versus 49), female, and were more likely to have used antibiotics, corticosteroids or acid-reducing drugs, the findings showed. Read more.
Source: HealthDay News, July 7, 2017
Researchers at Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine have reached important milestones in their quest to engineer replacement tissue in the lab to treat digestive system conditions — from infants born with too-short bowels to adults with inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, or fecal incontinence. Reporting today in Stem Cells Translational Medicine, the research team verified the effectiveness of lab-grown anal sphincters to treat a large animal model for fecal incontinence, an important step before advancing to studies in humans. And last month in Tissue Engineering, the team reported success implanting human-engineered intestines in rodents. Read more.
Source: Science Daily, July 5, 2017
Acupuncture, a 3,000-year-old healing technique, received mixed reviews in two new studies from China — one focusing on incontinence and the other on a cause of female infertility. A research team found acupuncture did improve symptoms of stress incontinence — an involuntarily loss of urine, such as when a woman sneezes or coughs. But in a separate study, another team of researchers determined that acupuncture did not help women who were infertile because of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women with PCOS have a hormonal imbalance that keeps them from releasing an egg (ovulating) during the menstrual cycle. Read more.
Source: HealthDay News, June 27, 2017
RDD Pharma, a leader in developing treatments for anorectal disorders, announced today the European Medicines Agency’s Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products has granted orphan designation for RDD-0315, an investigational drug for the treatment of fecal incontinence in patients with spinal cord injury. The committee recognized that RDD-0315 may be of significant benefit to spinal cord injury patients affected by fecal incontinence. “We are pleased the EMA recognized the clinically significant benefit that RDD-0315 may offer spinal cord injury patients,” stated Jason Laufer, Chief Executive Officer, RDD Pharma. ‘We have the potential to positively impact the health, well-being and quality of life in this patient population. ‘ Read more.
Source: PRNewswire, July 5, 2017
Astellas Pharma Inc. (TSE: 4503, President and CEO: Yoshihiko Hatanaka, “Astellas”) announced today the submission of a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seeking approval for the use of mirabegron in combination with solifenacin succinate 5 mg for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency and urinary frequency. In the United States, mirabegron and solifenacin succinate are marketed as Myrbetriq® and VESIcare®, respectively. Each is approved by the FDA as a monotherapy for the treatment of OAB with symptoms of urge urinary continence, urgency and urinary frequency. Read more.
Source: PRNewswire, June 29, 2017
An interview with Dr Michael Kennelly, urologist and Medical Director for the Charlotte Continence Center at Carolinas Medical Center, conducted by April Cashin-Garbutt, MA (Cantab) What are the main symptoms of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB)? Symptoms of OAB include leakage, the strong sudden need to “go right away,” and going to the bathroom too often. Read more.
Source: News-Medical.Net, June 28, 2017